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Lobbying scandal: The ongoing inquiries into David Cameron and the failed financier Lex Greensill

The lobbying scandal surrounding David Cameron and his relationship with the failed financier Lex Greensill has prompted eight separate inquiries.

One of those has now concluded, but seven are still active.

Among them are a probe by a top lawyer on behalf of Boris Johnson and three separate parliamentary select committee investigations – including one this week where MPs get to grill Mr Cameron and Mr Greensill themselves.

The Case Review

This is the inquiry that has already been completed.

Cabinet Secretary Simon Case asked all senior civil servants to declare if they have outside jobs, or roles that could conflict with their work in government.

The Case review was launched after it was revealed that former top civil servant Bill Crothers started working for Greensill three months before leaving the civil service.

Publishing his findings last month, the Cabinet secretary said he had found "fewer than one hundred senior civil servants" had a paid second job, and that none were considered to conflict with their roles.

Mr Case nonetheless said he would be introducing tougher rules to protect against potential conflicts of interest in the future.

Here is a breakdown of the outstanding inquiries:

Treasury Select Committee inquiry

MPs from the Treasury Select Committee will get to grill both Lex Greensill and David Cameron this week.

The committee’s parliamentary probe will focus on "the regulatory lessons from the failure of Greensill Capital and the appropriateness of HM Treasury’s response to lobbying in relation to Greensill Capital".

In addition to Mr Cameron and Mr Greensill, the committee is also seeking oral evidence from Rishi Sunak, the Bank of England, the Financial Conduct Authority, and others.

The Boardman inquiry

Boris Johnson has appointed corporate lawyer Nigel Boardman to lead a government inquiry into Greensill, and the use of supply chain finance by the government.

He has been given a deadline of 21 June to submit his findings and any recommendations to the prime minister. The government has committed to publishing the report and presenting it to parliament.

Mr Boardman will look at Greensill Capital’s interactions with government, the contracts that were signed, and the relationship between current and former ministers and Mr Greensill.

As part of his review Mr Boardman, will look into how Mr Crothers was allowed to work for Greensill while still in Whitehall.

The prime minister has said Mr Boardman will have "carte blanche" and "maximum possible access" to the relevant staff and documents.

Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Committee inquiry (PACAC)

The inquiry being held by this select committee is looking into the effectiveness of existing rules for preventing conflicts of interest and whether the codes governing the conduct of ministers, special advisers and officials are sufficient.

Public Accounts Committee inquiry

The Public Accounts Committee inquiry is focusing on the transparency of the government’s commercial functions, the role of supply chain finance in government contracts, and Greensill’s involvement in COVID-19 support packages for businesses.

The committee has already taken evidence from the Treasury’s two top civil servants – Tom Scholar and Charles Roxburgh.

In the course of that evidence, Mr Scholar said Mr Cameron had called him and sent him several text messages, as part of his lobbying for Greensill Capital.

Mr Roxburgh confirmed he had held nine meetings with Greensill in relation to the company’s desire to be involved in various COVID-19 economic support schemes.

Committee on Standards in Public Life

Lord Evans, the former head of MI5 and chair of the committee on standards in public life, has said his committee will take submissions related to the Greensill row as part of its inquiry into the wider culture of lobbying.

The "landscape review" is looking at "the institutions, procedures and policies in place to uphold high standards of conduct".

Cabinet Office review of the Lobbying Act

The Cabinet Office is currently conducting a review into the much-criticised Lobbying Act, which critics argue is too weak to be effective. The legislation was drawn up by Mr Cameron.

National Audit Office

Whitehall’s spending watchdog has also launched an investigation into Greensill Capital’s involvement in government-backed COVID support schemes prior to the firm’s collapse.

In June last year, the government-owned British Business Bank approved Greensill as a lender for the Coronavirus Large Business Interruption Loan Scheme (CLBILS).

This allowed it to provide finance to mid-sized and larger UK businesses with a group turnover of more than £45m if they were disrupted by the pandemic.

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